There are many different types of currencies that people use today, from paper currency to coinage. These include legal and non-legal currencies. The currency that you use can be important, especially if you are traveling and need to make purchases in a foreign country.
One of the most interesting aspects of paper currency is that it has remained as a medium of exchange for over a century. This despite the fact that commercial banks are not churning out the stuff. The strength of the paper comes from the raw materials that have been continuously refined over time.
It is also worth mentioning that paper is the material of choice for a number of important documents such as the presidential inaugural address. In fact, the US currency is actually printed on a special blend of cotton and linen fibers. Paper money has a unique feel and a high degree of durability.
Another interesting fact about the material is that it has a yellowish green tint. While this color is not as striking as the red of the human eye, it is nevertheless a unique and memorable quality of the U.S. currency.
A number of companies have produced what is known as a “convertible” paper money, which is a notch below standard coins. These tokens are kept as reserves by monetary authorities.
Coinage is a type of metal money. It is made of different malleable and ductile transition metals. These metals have a variety of coordination compounds that are resistant to corrosion.
The history of coinage has been long. Early coins were made of electrum, an alloy of gold and silver. Later, the composition of the coin would tell you the state of the economy.
Coinage began in the Greek world. In the sixth century BCE, Athens began to mint silver in Laurion mines. Afterwards, the coins were used as a store of value. During the eighth century, strong kings began to centralize the currency.
During the Hellenistic period, portraits of kings replaced the symbols of city-states. However, these portraits were not taken from life. Instead, the images of kings appeared naturally on coins. This is one of the only ways that a person could identify a king in his or her lifetime.
Throughout the medieval age, the head-and-tail model of coinage continued to be used. However, after the eighth century, coins were minted with Kufic Arabic inscriptions on both sides. The inscriptions describe the changing religious values and political values.
Legal vs non-legal currencies
It is important to know the difference between legal and non-legal currencies. Not only do they differ in number of decimals and currency denominations, but they also differ in monetary value. Using non-legal money can land you in hot water with your local authorities. For example, you could be charged with theft if you try to pay for something with a credit card that is not authorised by your bank. Likewise, using a currency from your own country is not advisable if you live abroad.
The most common form of legal tender is the coin. Typically, the smallest amount of legal tender is a coin worth a few pounds. Some countries even issue gold coins. However, they do not meet the statutory test. In most cases, gold sovereigns have a face value of less than fifty pence.
While coins are the standard bearer, banknotes are also legal tender. Unlike other forms of currency, however, they are subject to withdrawal from circulation. They can be redeemed for their current worth at the bank of the issuing nation.
Common currencies used today
Common currencies used today include the United States dollar, the British Pound Sterling, the Yen, and the Euro. Each currency has its own unique characteristics. The most common feature of these currencies is that they are all backed by the government, and legal tender is required in order to exchange them.
In addition to these four currencies, there are some countries that have their own money. These countries usually have their own Central Bank, which is a monetary institution that is in charge of managing the currency in that country. Some countries allow exchange rates to vary within a certain range, while others simply peg their value to another currency.
The United States is the largest economy in the world, and its dollar is the most commonly used currency in international transactions. Other common currencies include the Yen, the Rupee, the Euro, and the Pound Sterling.
The Euro is the second largest reserve currency in the world, and is used by 19 of the 27 European Union (EU) member states. It was introduced as an accounting currency in 1999, and the first euro coins and notes were introduced in 2002.